The replacement of kerosene fuel with a low carbon equivalent within the aviation sector is deemed extremely challenging, but its development has progressed over the last three years, from being considered a novelty concept towards commercialisation.
One collective, JATRO and BioJet are spearheading the commercialisation of biofuels from jatropha and camelina plant oils. Such plants do not compete with food crops, land or water resources, therefore eliminate the sustainability issue currently surrounding biofuel production.
The Jatropha bio-kerosene technology has already demonstrated full airworthiness in daily commercial flight operations and has been found to perform as well as, or better than, conventional Jet-A1 kerosene fuel.
It has been demonstrated in numerous flight operations that hydro treated renewable jet fuel reduces carbon emissions (CO2) by up to 85% compared to conventional petroleum jet fuel. As of June 2012, more than 30 airlines have successfully replaced petroleum-based kerosene with biofuels.